Eye Health: Vision Conditions

Myopia (Nearsightedness)

Myopia, which is often known as near sightedness, is a condition where distance objects are harder to bring into focus compared to near objects. Myopia often starts during early childhood and can progressively worsens until early adulthood. There are some serious, but rare eye conditions that are associated with myopia. Dilated eye exams are important to monitor for these eye conditions. Myopia can often be corrected with spectacles, contact lenses or refractive laser refractive surgery.

Hyperopia (Farsightedness)

Hyperopia which is often known as farsightedness is a condition where distance objects come into focus much easier than near objects would come into focus. This condition may result in eyestrain or headaches when reading for an extended period of time. Hyperopia can be corrected with glasses, contact lenses and sometimes with refractive laser surgery.


Astigmatism causes blurred vision at all distances. It occurs when the shape of the cornea is not spherical, which results in two focus points on the retina. Mild astigmatism does not always need to be corrected, but moderate or high amounts can be corrected with glasses, contacts or sometimes refractive laser surgery.


Amblyopia, sometimes referred to as "lazy eye" is a vision condition in which spectacles, contacts lenses or even refractive laser surgery cannot help to achieve clear vision. Amblyopia usually occurs if one eye is not receiving adequate visual stimulation at an early age. Some causes of amblyopia include: uncorrected refractive error (myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism), strabismus (eye turn) and ocular opacities such as cataracts at a young age. Preventing amblyopia is one of our major goals at Airdrie Family Eye Doctors and is why we are dedicated to seeing children at an early age. Amblyopia can be treated if caught early. Glasses are often needed and sometimes eye patching and vision therapy is required to ensure proper vision.